We almost always talk about air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. However, water pollution is just as or more important. It is reaching limits never seen before and has very negative consequences, both in the marine flora and fauna and in our own health.
For this reason, we will talk about the causes of water pollution, as well as some possible solutions to face this very important challenge.
Water is a basic resource for life. Firstly, because we need it in our daily lives and, furthermore, because a fundamental part of the planet’s biodiversity lives there. Our food, the climatic balance, and even the oxygen we breathe depend on these aquatic ecosystems.
And it is that most of the oxygen does not come from the forests, as is sometimes said, but from the oceans. Specifically, from the photosynthesis of phytoplankton (vegetable plankton) that lives in the sea.
Life on Earth depends on water. However, rivers, seas, and oceans are more polluted than ever, mainly for these reasons:
As we can see, and unfortunately, all the causes of current water pollution can be summed up in one: the human being.
Water pollution has very harmful consequences. Some of the most important are:
It is urgent to solve this water contamination and it is not easy, because it is necessary to put all kinds of measures.
The main solutions go through:
In short, life was born in the sea and continues to sustain it today. However, contaminated water is a growing and more urgent problem. The main cause of this water pollution is us, therefore, it is time that we are also the solution.
You may also be interested in 10 ideas to combat marine pollution in the Caribbean