Environmental pollution is one of today’s major problems, especially in large cities and densely populated urban centers. This environmental contamination not only affects nature and the environment. But also directly threatens people’s health, which is why it constitutes an environmental emergency problem as well as a health one.
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Depending on the origin and the place where the contamination occurs, we can find different types of environmental contamination. In all cases, we must take into account that environmental pollution will be caused by the introduction of elements or substances foreign to the environment and that alter the nature of the environment, which in fact is the basic definition of environmental pollution. In this way, broadly speaking, we can distinguish up to five types of environmental pollution:
It is a type of pollution that cannot be seen. It does not leave chemical residues in the environment, but physical ones. This type of pollution is caused by excessive noise caused by human activities (among the most common are means of transport, but also certain industrial activities or works produce this type of pollution). Acoustic or noise pollution especially affects living beings. Both people and animals, alter their normal rhythms of life and cause major diseases, such as chronic stress.
In this case, it is a type of environmental pollution that is caused by the introduction of artificial lighting elements in the environment. This type of pollution especially affects animals more than humans, although there are also examples of cases in which light pollution affects human health, especially in cases of insomnia and the correct sleep-wake cycle. Light pollution affects the natural cycles of many birds and land animals, so it is pollution that seriously damages the ecosystems in which it is present.
In this case, we are talking about a type of environmental pollution that affects water resources in all its forms. Water contamination can manifest as physical or chemical contamination. Depending on the size of the contamination and how diluted it is in the water. This pollution affects the health of humans, animals, and plants, and is capable of destroying entire ecosystems as well as causing very different types of diseases.
Environmental air pollution affects humans and animals in a particularly important way. Since it causes respiratory diseases due to the presence of suspended particles in the air that are breathed in by living beings, affecting their health. In addition, this pollution is also directly related to global warming. Since the presence of this type of particles in the air increases the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere. And, with it, the average global temperature. Its main cause is found in the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum derivatives, and natural gas.
Finally, it is worth mentioning another type of environmental contamination, which is soil contamination. In this case, it is a type of contamination that can be both chemical and physical. It affects the quality of the soil, destroying entire ecosystems. And promoting desertification of the land by making it unusable for flora to grow on it. The origin of this contamination is very diverse. It is worth noting the presence of chemicals such as pesticides and pesticides used in agriculture. As well as the presence of heavy metals and plastics that have not been properly managed.
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